Compared to the bulky and inflexible Apollo suits that caused astronauts to fall while walking on the moon, the new suits are designed to be more mobile, said Russell Ralston, EVA deputy program manager at Axiom Space.
“This suit is going to be a lot easier to walk in or to do a lot of the same tasks that they did back in Apollo and more, but to do it in a little easier way,” Ralston said.
The redesign of the space suit covers everything from top to bottom. The new helmet provides improved visibility and the boots are special designed for moonwalkingcomplete with thermal insulation suitable for the lunar south pole.
To prepare the suit for the 2025 landing, Axiom Space and NASA will fine-tune and evaluate the suit through testing at the Johnson Space Center’s Neutral Buoyancy Lab in Houston, where part of a 40-foot-deep pool has been converted into a moon. landscape.
“It will give us a really good indication of how mobile the suit is and what kind of fatigue, if anything, the crew members are going to feel after working for six or seven hours,” said Lara Kearney, who oversees the program at NASA and ensures that Axiom meets the requirements.
Ralston said the final suits are close to the final version with one major difference: the color. The outer layer will be white and made of Mylar and Kevlar for the mission, which will take astronauts to a part of the moon where craters are home to some of the coldest temperatures in the solar system.
“Going into a permanently shaded area on the moon is something that’s never been done before, by anything,” Ralston said.
NASA outsourced the project to Axiom after 15 years of developing its own next-generation lunar suit. The company adapted over half of NASA’s original designs.
According to Peggy Whitson, the director of human spaceflight at Axiom and a former NASA astronaut who has spent more time in space than any other American, the spacesuit is the first to be specifically designed to fit a woman.
The 21st century spacesuit is manufactured using advanced technology, such as laser cutters that precisely cut various fabrics and 3-D printers that create components, resulting in cost and time savings. However, certain components are still assembled using traditional sewing machines.
In space, dressing for success is a matter of survival.
“I go to church with astronauts. We see them when we get groceries. We know their kids,” Ralston said. “The product you make, their lives are going to depend on it. So it’s something we take extremely seriously.”